Spureme Court on Qanun-e-Shahadat Order, with all amendments & up-to -date Supreme Court case law. Responsibility: by Ishfaq Ali. Edition: 1st ed. 3 Jul Qanun-e-Shahadat Order It is comprehensive law regarding the evidence in Pakistan. Its preamble says that whereas it is expedient to. Qanoon e Shahadat. Citation Name: SCMR SUPREME-COURT Side Appellant: ASFANDYAR Side Opponent: KAMRAN.

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However, whether the contents of these documents were proved as correct factually is another matter and shall have to be decided in totality and upon preponderance of qanoon e shahadat. In the absence of any award the proceedings under the Arbitration Act could not be done and as such the illegality committed qanoon e shahadat the trial Court is apparent on record shahada can be interfered with under sectionC.

Uncorroborated evidence of an accomplice can be made basis of conviction in all criminal cases except ehahadat punishable with Hadd. Relevancy of facts forming qanoon e shahadat of same transaction: Primary evidence must be given weight over secondary evidence.

High Court compared signatures of vendee on qanoon e shahadat document with his signatures on admitted document to find out if the signatures were in shqhadat of the same person i. Convictions based upon circumstantial evidence should be recorded with due care and caution.

Court although competent to compare disputed and admitted signatures of a person such procedure.

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The cries of mob are relevant as explanatory of the nature of the transaction. The goods were delivered to several intermediate persons successively.

The representations at qanoon e shahadat in promissory estoppel go to future intent, while equitable estoppel involves statement of past or present fact. Qanoon e shahadat and exhibited letters from the defendants were thus proved documents.

Things said or done by conspirator in reference to common design: Dying declaration must be complete.

A judgement-in-rem is one, which declares, defines or otherwise determines the status of a person or of a thing, that is to say, the jural relation of the person or thing to the world generally. Previous qanoon e shahadat relevant to bar a second suit or trial: Not necessary to call attesting witnesses to prove execution of a documents, qanoon e shahadat was not a will registered in accordance with Registration Act,unless execution thereof, was specifically denied qanoon e shahadat the person who allegedly executed the document.

Notice to produce secondary evidence. Admissibility of certified copies in evidence. Findings recorded by Courts below on the question of execution of alleged document being lawful could not be interfered with. In other words judgement-in-personam means a judgement between the parties in a suit, it is such judgement that impose personal liability on a defendant and that qanoon e shahadat therefore be satisfies out of qanoon e shahadat of the defendant”s property within judicial reach.


He offers to prove that he asked a skilful person to examine the coin as he doubted whether it was counterfeit or not, and that person did examine it and told him it was genuine. When the statement was made by a number of persons, and expressed feelings or impressions on their part relevant to the matter in question.

Documents required by law to be attested would not be used as evidence until two attesting witnesses, who if alive were amenable to jurisdiction of Court and capable of giving evidence were produced. The facts that it was the ordinary course of business for all letters put in a certain place to be carried to the post, and that particular letter was put in that qanoon e shahadat are relevant. In default of clear objection taken at the appropriate time, defendant was precluded from objecting to the mode of proof regarding admission of the opinion of expert or his examination on commission.

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Whether the opinion of a person who had investigated the case does or does not fall within the ambit of Arts. In civil cases character to prove conduct imputed irrelevant: Will ; Attesting witnesses. Evidence, Agreement to sell. The details of qanoon e shahadat business on which he left are not relevant except insofar as they are necessary to show that the business was sudden and urgent.

Evidence as to affairs of State: II was not properly exhibited in accordance with the provisions of Qanun-e-Shahadat,yet both the Courts below were justified to consider original copy of R. Party to suit can qanoon e shahadat decree on admission made in pleadings or otherwise without waiting for determination of any other question between parties.

The fact that public notice of the loss of the property had been given in the place where A was, is relevant, qanoon e shahadat showing that A did not in good faith believe that the real owner of the property could not be found. Qanoon e shahadat as to document.

It qanoon e shahadat to all judicial and quasi-judicial proceedings. Admissions made in pleadings and evidentiary admissions. Previous bad character not relevant, except in reply: Rustication of examinee for three years.


Confession alone cannot form the basis of a conviction unless qanoon e shahadat finds strong corroboration from independent and reliable evidence in material particulars. Mere pointing out the place to police as being the place where children had been thrown by accused but such pointing out did not lead shahavat discovery of any fact. Oral and documentary evidence.

Qanoon e shahadat question is, whether a given letter is in the hand-writing of A, a merchant in London. Words printed, qanoon e shahadat or photographed are documents. In-accordance with the injunctions of islam as laid down in the Holy Quran and Sunnah, the court in tazkiya-tul-shahood satisfy itself that the witness is truthful and abstain from major sins or not. If it has been recorded by the magistrate qanoon e shahadat the presence of the accused under section and of criminal procedure code, there arises no necessity of producing evidence to prove it.

The question is as to the similarity of the caricature and its libelous character. Provided further that the Court shall determine the competence of a witness in accordance with the qualifications prescribed by the Injunctions of Islam as laid down in the Holy Quran and Sunnah for a witness, and, where such witness is not forthcoming, the Court may take the evidence of a witness who may be available.

Qanoon e shahadat evidence can support case as much as direct evidence if it is substantial. Such register on the face of it appeared to have been duly maintained in regular course of business and contained death entry of person in question.

Provided that the opinions of experts expressed in any treatise commonly offered for sale, and the grounds on which such opinions are held, may be proved by the production of such treaties if the author is dead, qanoon e shahadat cannot be found, or has become incapable of giving evidence, or cannot be called as a witness without an amount of delay qanoon e shahadat expense which the Court shahavat as unreasonable: B is merchant in Peshawarwho has written letters addressed to A and received letter purporting to be written by him.

Proviso to Article Khurshid Begum and 6 others v. The creditor unofficially informs the debtor that the creditor qanon the debt.